You will need a simple tape measure to take these measurements properly. Always measure directly on the body and bare skin and not above clothing for the most accurate results.
Neck – place the tape measure around the neck at the level at which the shirt collar would be buttoned. Put 2 fingers between the tape and your neck and allow a snug but comfortable movement.
Sleeve – when measuring for the sleeve length, put the tape measure below the neck, centered with the spine. Let the tape go down the shoulder, down the elbow and end the measurement 1.5 inches past the wrist bone.
Chest – put the measuring tape around the broadest part of the chest, making a complete circumference around the chest with the tape measure.
Waist – measure around the top of the hip bone, slightly above the belly button and leave some room for a comfortable fit and for sitting down. If you have large hips add additional room. If you need to find your waist line – stand with your feet slightly apart and bend to the side. Where your waist creases is the natural waist line to measure around.
Inseam – measure from the right leg from the underside of the crotch to the ankle.
Height – measure from the top of the head to the floor.
Hips – put the tape measure around the largest part of the hips (normally around the buttocks). The tape measure should be snug but not to tight to allow movement.
Bust – put the tape measure around the fullest part of the chest (over and around the breasts but under your arms) and around the back.
Head – hold the end of the tape measure in the middle of the forehead (above the ears) and around the head (or wherever you would like to position the cap/hat).
Gloves – measure across your palm around your dominant hand (the right hand if your right handed).
Overarm – place the tape measure over the arms around the broadest part of the chest.
Outseam (pants length) – While standing straight measure from the top of the hip bone all the way to the floor and subtract half of a an inch.
Ripstop and Twill Fabrics
Twill and ripstop refer to specific types of fabric weaves. Ripstop can be identified by its unique checkerboard pattern and has coarse fibers ribbed at intervals that reduce tears and abrasions. Its lightweight and sturdy characteristics boast both wind and water resistance.
Twill has uneven texture and design, which helps minimizes the appearance of stains and soils. This fabric is more pliable than others and often has a higher thread count. These high-count twills are wind, water and wrinkle resistant.
Poly-cotton and Nylon-cotton fabrics
Poly-cotton fabric is a synthetic fabric blend of cotton and polyester—it’s breathable, comfortable and tear-resistant. Poly-cotton is not as breathable as 100 percent cotton. This would not be the ideal fabric to wear in hot weather.
Nylon-cotton fabric is a blend of nylon and cotton. Some call it NYCO. The nylon adds strength and abrasion resistance, and the cotton provides breathability and moisture absorption. This fabric is often used for military uniforms and high-performance sportswear. Unlike the poly-cotton blend, NYCO does not melt if it catches on fire.
Water resistant or Waterproof
Water resistant means that an item can withstand rain, snow and wet weather. Water-resistant fabrics keep water from being absorbed but should not be soaked. Water will just bead off the fabric. Waterproof gear is specifically designed to be completely submerged in water and still provide top-notch performance.
Matching Uniform Coats, Shirts and Pants
The best way to ensure an exact match is to purchase each item in the same color, fabric and brand.
Take a pair of your best fitting pants, lay them on the table, and measure the inside from crotch to the hem. You can also have a friend measure you. Stand in an upright, relaxed position. Have your friend measure your leg from the underside of the crotch to the bottom of your ankle.
You can find a link on the home page for Military measurements. Any product available in different sizes will have a “Size Chart” link at the bottom of the product page.
ABU: The Airman Battle Uniform is the official uniform of U.S. Airmen and women.
ACU: The Army Combat Uniform is the official uniform for the Army servicemen and women.
BDU: Known by its proper name as a Battle Dress Uniform, these were the official uniform for the Army. It was replaced by the ACU in late 2007.
MIL-SPEC: A garment or piece of gear that has passed strict military specifications.
MOLLE: An acronym for Modular Lightweight Load-Carrying Equipment. MOLLE refers to the accessories that can attach to equipment outfitted with PALs webbing.
MultiCam: This popular form of camouflage is designed to conceal the wearer in various light conditions, environments, seasons and elevations. MultiCam is worn by members of the special forces and other elite operating personnel.